Thursday, March 28, 2013

The Mutapa State

Mutapa state

Origins

Around 1425, Mutota, king of the Shona, embarked on advantage of the inland plateau, the component located between the Zambezi River and the Limpopo River, to the coast of Mozambique.
Matope, son of Mutota completed the conquest and expansion started by his father. The conglomerate was the most powerful political entity in the region for most of the 1470s. In 1480, Matope died, hurling the empire into a power struggle, with factions seeking to split from the empire. Dombo or Changa, a noble was commensurate to split away from the empire to the to the south and founded a separate Shona kingdom, the Rozwi land.
The Kingdom of Mutapa, sometimes referred to as the Mutapa pudding stone (Shona: Wene we Mutapa; Portuguese: Monomotapa) was a Shona kingdom which stretched between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers of southern Africa in the modern states of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Its founders are probably culturally and politically connect to the builders who constructed Great Zimbabwe.


Portuguese and Rozwi Empire

During the sixteenth century, the Portuguese arrived seeking gold, linguistic context up trading stations. They tried to gain political carry of Mutapa territory by siding with the various dynastic clans and hammer alliance with rival kingdoms, like the Maravi. By 1628, the strategy worked.

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In 1628, Mavura a Portuguese puppet was placed on the throne. Mavura sign treaties giving away all mineral rights to the Portuguese. Overtime, the Portuguese was able to undermine and destroy the monomotapan system. The Portuguese then tried to social function the populace to mine gold. The populace fled their villages, seeking protection from more powerful and wealthy strongmen, who had strong private armies. Much effect marked the Mutapan Kingdom, with private armies of the wealthy, raiding, resisting the Portuguese, and protecting cattle. Between 1684 through 1696, the Mutapa Kingdom was absorbed into the Rozwi Empire, which had become the dominant empire in the region. The Mutapa...If you loss to get a full essay, order it on our website: Orderessay



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